Posts Tagged ‘photography’

A species of Flying frog

Agumbe, tipped as the cherrapunji of the South, is one of the wettest places in the world. I wanted to visit this place for photographing reptiles and amphibians that emerge out during monsoon. After missing it in last two monsoons, I visited ARRS this year. Quite an experience it was!

After a lot of thought, I dropped the temptation to drive and instead booked a bus to Agumbe. Arun dropped out at the last (few) hours of the trip. A few calls later, Hemant agreed to join. He was called in at about 6pm by other Arun. Bus was to leave at 10pm. Quite a lot of time? Not so if you are in Mumbai. 6:10pm – Mumbai Airport. 6:30pm – flight from Mumbai to Bangalore. 8:00pm at BIAL. At 9pm, Hemant is at bus stand. Roughly at about 10:15 the bus took off. Gerry, Josh, Farid and Nathan were in the same bus.

A wearing 9 hour journey got us to Agumbe by 7:30am. It was raining. Yeah, this is what you expect here. Josh and others left in a jeep, while Arun, Hemant and I looked for autos. After searching a transport for 10-15min, we decided to walk, in the pouring rain, to ARRS that is about 2-3km from the bus stand. Though excited initially, we realized the walk was not worth in the pouring rain carrying our reasonably heavy baggage.

At the camp, met Harish, Chetana and others. I was tired, thanks to my incapability to sleep in bus and thanks to my sleeplessness in the last few days. Took some rest. Then, tried out the Canon 100mm macro lens and Canon Speedlite 430EX II. I was getting used to this gear I had borrowed from Selva and Sandeep. During lunch, chatted with Harish, Gerry, Josh, Vinay and others and later ventured out for a ‘walk’ with Gerry.

Dew drops

I was expecting to walk around the camp, maybe venture into wood, but not walk in a stream for 2-3kms! It was fun, no doubt. Provided incredible photo opportunities as well. Gorillapod came in very handy to capture some long exposure shots.

Stream close to ARRS

I still was checking out the locales and was tring to shoot a timelapse, which was coming out fine until someone started walking on the log that i was resting my camera on. Here’s a peek:

Chetana in yellow, Gerry in green, Farid in blue boots, Nathan in black and Dhamini crossing the stream. I had to cut short my shoot and continued the walk. It was an incredible test for my new woodland shoes. I thought of the quote ‘While you own something, no matter what it is, use it as hard as you can and enjoy it.‘ and moved ahead.

The water level was changing as we walked, and the algae coated stones/rocks were slippery. It was raining perpetually. Good test for EOS 450D and 18-55mm I thought. I had tucked the cam under my rain jacket when not shooting. My confidence with rain-handling-capabilities of my cam grew as we walked more and more. I begun to use it without much care. Stupid mistake! A sudden drop and rise in water level. My foot went a feet lower, and my cam took a dip. That’s the end of it!

I had switched off my cam, fortunately, when it took a dip. Got back to the room to dry it. The worst part of the place is that nothing dries, not even your hand kerchief. Not even the fire wood, I realized, as it took considerable effort to lit the fire.

Since my camera was unusable, I had to borrow Nikon D90 when we found a Malabar Pit Viper. On one had, I was disappointed to have my camera dead while on the other I was excited to see this snake.

Malabar pit viper, waits patiently at a spot for its prey to pass by

I did not spend much time looking for frogs since I didn’t have much incentive (of photographing), we did find many species of frogs.

On Saturday, we went to a small waterfall that was close to the camp. The opportunity to create different images are infinite here, only made difficult by the perpetual rain. Day and night we were able to find a variety of frog species: Borrowing frog, Bronzed frog, Bi-colored frog, Ramanellas and many others. There were out there, one just needed the eye to see them.

I was keen on photographing Rhaco, that was one of the reasons I was at Agumbe. Friday night we weren’t successful in finding it, but Saturday we got lucky. Thanks to Ben for finding the Malabar Flying Frog. Hemant shared his Canon 1000D, and I could capture a few photographs of Rhacophorus malabaricus.


Malabar flying frog – uses the webbings between its toes to glide or fly

We had found a Vine Snake on Friday night, but couldn’t photograph. On Sunday morning, we found another one that I could photograph. This little one got threatened and wanted to scare us away.

Notice the black and white scales on it’s body. What otherwise is a well camouflaged green body, it changes to scare away its predators – our cameras in this case.

Green vine snake – threat display

There were plenty of other interesting insects, especially the ones Ben was able to find – a foot and half long stick insect (I had never seen a stick insect longer than 4-5 inches), a whip scorpion, Vinegarroon, that emits vinegar when threatened. It was exciting to see Caecilians, limbless amphibians, that stay underground most of the time was also very interesting to see. It was unfortunate that I didn’t have my camera at my disposal for photographing these.

But I did have Hemant’s camera when we found this Praying Mantis

Praying Mantis – Notice the pseudopupil (black spot that appears on eye) – it appears to follow you as you move

I packed up by late afternoon. My camera showed signs of life after a day and half in the dry room. It had not been resurrected fully, but I was sure it would survive. Though at times felt this could be the excuse to buy 7D, I am glad my camera survived when I reached Bangalore and dried it.

Here are few more images:

Red Pierrot butterfly


Rhaco again


You don’t have to be brave, you should just look


Though I couldn’t photograph much, I got to understand what to expect on my next visit, probably next monsoon.

P.S.: Photographs here are captured on Canon EOS 1000D, Canon EOS 450D, Nikon D90, Canon 18-55mm IS, Canon 100mm f/2.8 USM, Nikkor 70-300mm VR, and Canon Speedlite 430EX II.

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Monsoon is not the best time for sighting wildlife, or so is the belief. Monsoon is also not the ideal time for photography. But wildlife always throws surprises.

Butch and I were not keen on any particular sighting, but wished to see a pack wild dogs (at least after learning about a pack of 31). Ramesh was our driver on the first day’s evening safari. Half an hour into the safari we saw 3-4 jeeps coming from the opposite direction. They had seen a tiger cross and said they were expecting it to cross this path (one that leads to Subrayana katte). I asked Ramesh to take jeep in reverse without starting it. I didn’t want other jeeps to go ahead and block our view, and didn’t want the tiger to be disturbed because of our jeep’s noise.

Butch and I were sitting at the rear end of the Commander. Just as the jeep moved, a tiger emerged out of the thick lantana bushes right next to our jeep. She was right next to us, not more than 7 to 8 feet. I clicked an image, and realized she was too close. As I zoomed out, couple of other jeeps that were behind ours moved towards her out of the jeep track, overtaking our jeep. She turned back for a moment that i missed to click as i zoomed out to get her in the frame. She strolled away from us, scent marked on a tree and slipped into the bushes. The sighting lasted about 25 seconds, but the closeness was surreal. Rest of the safari was spent in tracking her to a waterhole, where she didn’t appear.

Monday morning safari started with sighting of few wild dogs on the highway. They were moving inside, towards tavare katte. It’s not easy to miss a pack of 31 wild dogs even if you have little idea of their movement. We caught up with them within 15min. The alpha dogs attempted to make a kill of Sambar fawn, which swan to the middle of the lake. Realizing that the effort was not worth, the pack leaders moved on follwed by sub adults and older pups of the pack.

Sub-adults and pups waiting for alpha dogs to make a kill

We were sure they will make a kill soon. Within minutes we saw a stag emerge out of bushes, chased by alpha female. She stopped momentarily seeing the jeeps. Taking this chance the stag crossed the road and scampered for an exit. Since there were only 3 jeeps, the dogs were comfortable and had enough space for themselves. The pack leader chased down the stag, faster than a sprinter.

Dholes start eating the prey while it is still alive

Stag was trying to gore the dog with his antlers, but the agility of the dog dodge him and made quick bites. Within seconds we could see the flesh and blood from the rear of the deer. The lead dog was joined by another. One caught the stag by neck and the other started eating from the rear. There is nothing clean or swift about this kill. Each bite will rip piece of flesh from the prey.

The action was simply incredible to watch. No photograph makes justice to the scene i witnessed. Soon, the deer was dead and another dog pulled the carcass inside the bushes.

Can’t describe the pain in the eyes of the deer

Little ahead on the road, the rest of the pack were waiting for the alpha dogs to arrive. Soon after the kill, the alpha female came to invite the rest of the pack for breakfast. She was so well greeted by her pups. They all strolled behind the bushes towards the deer carcass. We left them to have their breakfast in peace.

I was not asking for anything more. But we still had two safaris. The best part of Bandipur is that you are not disappointed even if you don’t sight a tiger. There are many other creatures that catch your eye, especially in monsoon. A Peacock was  trying to impress a mate. The dance and the way he put up the show was a treat to watch. If he were a guy, women would throw themselves at him.

A Peafowl dancing to impress his better half


Common Hoopoe

Stripe-necked mongooses are commonly found in Bandipur. Here’s one on his daily routine of finding beetles and other insects for a quick meal.

Commonly found Stripe-necked Mongoose

Bandipur has a variety of woodpeckers. Before we sighted the tiger, we were enjoying the sight of a female streak-throated woodpecker, who was soon joined by her better half. Monsoon is the season of love in the wild.

Female Streak-throated Woodpecker

Mr. & Mrs. Streak-throated Woodpecker


Red-wattled Lapwings are common around waterholes and open grass areas of Mulapura.

Red-wattled Lapwing

Crested Serpent Eagle preening

This is only an indication of what one can find in Bandipur. Go, enjoy the rains!

P.S.: This trip was from 6th June to 8th June 2010.  I tried to restrict the number of images, but couldn’t resist posting these many.

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‘ To be a good photographer you don’t need great skill. All you need is a good camera’  commented Mamta some time back. I don’t agree to that. To start with, I don’t consider myself a good photographer.

Photography is difficult. Not all photographs speak 1000 words, but a few speak a million. A good photographer is one who is consistently able to make photographs that speak a few thousand words. A video is much easier that way, and a documentary (or audio-visual) is further so (once you have a story, you know what content you need. You just have to go out and shoot that).

But in photography, you are handicapped without the extra dimension of time to describe the scene. More so if your dimensions of expression is shunted further, without color.

Here’s an attempt at Black and White photography.


Landscape of Periyar river, captured at Thattekad in January. The misty morning and the dense forest vegetation provide the beautiful contrast. Also, an example of landscape images you can make on Canon 100-400.


Greater Racket-Tailed Drongo at Thattekad in the yellow and green canopy. This one has lost one of it’s ‘racket tail’.


Royal Bengal Tiger

Finally, the pride of India walking into history. Photographed at Magdhi zone, Bandhavgarh national park.

I have felt Black and White photography is much harder than color photography and am looking for materials to learn about capturing and processing grayscale images. Please point to any good material about Black and White photography. Here’s a good article on Black and White photography from Naturescapes.

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The answer is not a very straight forward one. I did quite a bit of research before I choose the lens that suits my requirement. You can find a brief comparison (or the options I had) of super telephoto lenses under $1500 for bird photography here. I am writing this after nearly 10 months of using this lens. I am convinced now that my decision was right.

I choose Canon 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 IS USM over Canon 400mm f/5.6L USM prime (mostly for IS) and over Canon 300mm f/4L IS USM + 1.4x TC combo (for flexibility of zoom). I had considered Sigma 150-500mm OS and couple of other Sigma lenses as well.

I decided on Canon 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM  after considering the hand holding ease, price, Image Stabilization (IS), flexibility, sharpness and image quality.

Image Quality

From my experience, Image quality of all these three ‘L’ lenses are very much the same. Though they say prime is better, in the field under practical circumstances, it doesn’t make noticeable difference (unless used with a teleconverter# perhaps).

I decided against Sigma 150-500 because (i) it is much heavier and (ii) the image quality at 500mm was not better than Canon 400mm prime or 100-400mm @ 400mm extrapolated to 500mm. Also, aperture at f/6.3 of Sigma at 500mm is a factor to consider.


Sharpness of the lens varies from copy to copy (one 400 prime might be sharper than another 400 prime, and it’s very much possible to have a copy of 100-400 sharper than 400 prime). It depends on the copy you get.

The sharpness difference could possibly be for the test freaks and/or professional reviewers, who put the lenses on a sturdy tripod with IS off and focus on a test pattern to judge the sharpness. Even basic post-processing will diminish the subtle difference in sharpness among the 3 lenses, considering that all the 3 lens copies are the best (or sharpest).

Sharpness also depends on the AF capability of your camera body. So for all practical purposes, in field, sharpness of all these three lenses are the same.

Ease of hand holding

Since I photograph mostly hand held, Image Stabilization (IS) and ease of hand holding was an important factor. 400 prime is much lighter than 100-400 or 300 + 1.4x TC. But lack of IS doesn’t give as sharp an image at 1/150s-1/200s (yes, I don’t have a very sturdy hand). Also, the locations I photograph birds don’t have very good lighting all through the year. I have experienced that carrying a tripod, when on foot, for a reach of 400mm will scary away birds.

So, the choice was between 100-400 and 300 f/4 + 1.4x TC for IS.


The price difference between the two (100-400 and 300 + TC) is not very significant (but 400 prime is cheaper).


Although I predominantly photograph birds, I photograph mammals as well. I cannot afford another specialized lens such as 70-200mm f/2.8L for mammals.

On my last weekend trip to Bandipur, tigress Gowri came out right next to the jeep I was in. I pulled back the zoom from 400mm to about 150 or 200mm and fitted her in the frame. A few minutes earlier, I had stretched it to 400mm for photographing a pair of Streak Throated Woodpeckers.

Flexibility of 100-400 out weighs that of 300 f/4 + 1.4x TC combo (or even 400mm prime). I shoot mammals as well as birds. So, having a flexible zoom was more important. Also, it’s possible to compose some good landscape images at 100mm.

In my opinion, Canon 100-400mm IS USM without doubt is ‘the best wildlife lens’.

If you want to photograph only birds then 300 f/4 + 1.4x TC might be a better choice with some reservations*.

* Reservations:
400 prime comes cheaper and has faster AF than 300 + TC. If you are shooting in good lighting conditions most of the time, it makes sense to buy the 400 prime. IS doesn’t play big role in good lighting conditions. Also, if you have shelled out a lot of money on a good DLSR with better noise performance at higher ISO, you don’t need to think of IS.

Having IS is of no use if you are after birds in flight. 400 prime is proven to be the best for BIF.

I was initially tilted towards 400mm prime, for it’s supposedly faster AF and better IQ. But when I tried out 100-400 and 400mm prime on a 1D MIII (with and without tripod) at Canon Image Lounge, I was more impressed with the zoom.

# With Teleconverters, Prime lenses are known to perform better wrt auto focus, and also give better image quality with a TC. Canon 400mm prime lens when used with a 1.4x TC and taped pins on a non-pro Canon body is known to perform better than 100-400 with a TC and taped pins. I’d exclude more details on this in the current post. If anyone interested, i’ll write more with an update.

Hope you make a choice that’s suitable for you.

Here I present a few photographs, definitely not the best this lens can produce but a good indicative of its capabilities in terms of Image quality, Sharpness, Colors and Contrast, and AF capability.

Here’s an image of a Blue-capped Rock Thrush (at Kgudi / BR Hills) that I shot hand held, with support of jeep, at 1/13 second shutter speed on Canon 450D and 100-400mm IS lens. This shows the use of IS and low light AF performance of this lens.

This image of a juvenile Brahminy Kite trying to catch a fish at Hesarghatta Lake. Image captured at a reasonably faster shutter speed of 1/160s, shows the capability of AF for in flight shots.

Finally, an image of Ashy Crowned Sparrow Lark at Hesarghatta Lake. Aperture f/8 and shutter speed of 1/640s. I don’t have to say more.

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I have really been sweating this summer, more so at work. Still, I did manage to attend NTP on the last weekend of March. Three weeks later, made a trip to a village near Hassan for a wedding. Wedding trip turned out to be a great one, for birding and visiting historical monuments.

Anyone driving to Nelamangala from Bangalore would know the pain to drive on the under construction, rather under expansion road. It took about one and half hours get going past Nelamangala.

Route: Bangalore –> Nelamangala –> Kunigal -> Adichunchanagiri–>  Channarayapatna –> Hassan

Distance: 185km

A deviation on the Hassan – Sakaleshpur highway got us into the village roads. As we drove down a pond near to the village, i sighted a couple of Pied Kingfishers, and a Paradise Flycatcher. Told myself to come back to the place later some time.


Spend about half an hour the next day biding on an alley, along one side of which is a lake and a arecanut plantation on the other side. I was pleasantly surprised by the number of birds i could readily see around that place. There were plenty of Purple Moorhens, and Common Coots. Pied Kingfishers flew from one end of the lake to another as they saw us walking. The day was cloudy, and the birds were at a distance. Couldn’t manage to get a decent shot of any bird.


Lakshmi temple at Dodda Gaddavalli is not a very well known one, but i learned that it is the first Hoysala temple. Having visited Belur and Somnathpur earlier, i wanted to have a look at this Hoysala temple too. Hoysala temples are known for their intricate stone carvings. Hoysala craftsmen made this temple as a practice prior to the ones constructed at Belur and Halebidu.

The temple is also the only Bethala temple in the world. Bethala is a deamon, guarding the MahaKali, a Hindu goddess, who shares the temple with Lakshmi.

Bethala, the deamon standing guard to Maha Kali

Bethala, the deamon standing guard to Maha Kali

Indra on white elephant with wife suchi devi

The ceiling of the temple has carvings of 8 Hindu deities, one each in 8 directions of North, South, East, West, North East, South East, South West and North West.

The image on left shows Indra, in one of the directions, on his vahana (vehicle), a white Elephant, along with his wife Suchidevi.

vastu-purushaThe image on the right shows Vastu purusha, the god of Vaastu Shastra. Vastu Purusha does not have a vahana. He uses his own body, which is very evident from the beautifully carved structure.

The rocky temple proved to be an excellent habitat for Rock Agamas. I could readily see brightly colored males, basking in the sun. I managed to get close to one of them for a good shot. Click on the image for a larger and sharper view.


I saw a Common Hoopoe on the fence of the temple. I had missed it a couple of times, and was waiting patiently for it to come back. It came back with a meal!


This was a great trip on many fronts. Here’s the list of birds sighted:

  • White-Breasted Water hen
  • Purple Moorhen
  • Small Blue Kingfisher
  • Pied Kingfisher
  • Brahminy Starling
  • Common Myna
  • Jungle Myna
  • House Sparrow
  • Asian Paradise Flycatcher
  • Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher
  • Little Cormorant
  • Great Cormorant
  • Common Coot
  • Vernal Hanging Parrot
  • Rose Ringed Parakeet
  • Blue Rock Pigeon
  • Red Whiskered Bulbul
  • Brahminy Kite
  • Black Kite
  • House Crow
  • Jungle Crow
  • Common Hoopoe
  • Great Grey Shrike
  • Indian Pond Heron
  • Grey Heron
  • Little Egret
  • Cattle Egret
  • Pied Bushchat
  • Greater Coucal

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The thought of starting a photoblog was lingering in my mind since i bought my DSLR, but adhering to a particular theme was not easy as i clicked everything. Since majority of my shots are of wildlife, i thought of starting a photoblog to showcase wildlife and share whatever limited knowledge i have.

Wild Chronicles would mostly consist of images that illustrate behaviour, and/or habitat of a species, with few lines of text. Some images might be on this blog (HowYouDoin) as well as Wild Chronicles.

Hope you like my photoblog. Do let me know what you think of the new blog:


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Images of Fluterrbys, and flowers from few shoots in the last 2-3months.

Crimson Rose

Crimson Rose Butterfly

Common Castor


Back lit flower


Striped Tiger


Striped Tiger in a bunch of flowers


Sunset at Valley school


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